HOME Korean BuddhismBuddhist Tenets

Buddhist Tenets

Twelve Links of Dependent Arising (12연기)

Pages Information

Writer Jogye Date17 Aug 2015 Read7,012 Comment0


The Twelve Links of Dependent Arising (paticca-samuppada)

All beings come into being or cease to be based on the causes and conditions which brought them into existence. In other words, they arise or cease only through interdependent relationships. This is the principle of dependent arising. Things exist as they are because of the phenomenon of causation. Nothing exists on its own independent of anything else. Dependent arising clarifies phenomenal existence and its formation. Because twelve phases interact with each other in the process of causation, Buddhists call them the “twelve links of dependent arising.”

   Ignorance (avijja): A fundamental delusion which does not know the truth, including the Four Noble Truths.
   Mental formations (sankhara): Intentional actions due to ignorance; from this comes the karma we create.
Consciousness (vinnana): The six consciousnesses which are: visual, auditory, olfactory, taste, tactile and conceptual consciousnesses.
   Name and form (nama-rupa): “Name” refers to mind which has name but no form while “form” refers to the material and physical which have form.
   The six sensory gates (salayatana): The eyes, ears, nose, tongue, skin and mind.
   Contact (phassa): This arises when there is interaction between the six sense organs, the objects they perceive and the six consciousnesses.
   Feeling (vedana): There are three types of feeling: pleasant, painful and neutral which is neither pleasant nor painful.  
   Craving (tanha): Drives, longings and cravings that seek to satisfy desires.
   Clinging (upadana): Grasping or attachment when one wants something for their own.
   Becoming (bhava): The karmic consciousness of sentient beings which repeats the cycle of birth and death in samsara.
   Birth (jati): The entrance of a sentient being into the realm of sentient beings.
   Ageing and death (jara-marana): Birth, sickness, ageing and death represent the suffering of sentient beings.

- excerpt from Buddhist English (Elementary 2) published in 2014 by the Jogye Order of Korean Buddhism

Comment List

No comments.

Buddhist Tenets List

Total 33. 1 page
Buddhist Tenets List
No Subject / Topic Writer Date Read
33 Mirror of Seon (선가귀감) 인기글 Jogye 17 Aug 2015 7,778
32 Song of Enlightenment (증도가) 인기글 Jogye 17 Aug 2015 8,114
31 Verses on the Mind of Faith (신심명) 인기글 Jogye 17 Aug 2015 6,905
30 Diamond Sutra (금강경) 인기글 Jogye 17 Aug 2015 9,773
29 Heart Sutra(반야심경) 인기글 Jogye 17 Aug 2015 9,879
28 Four Immeasurable Minds (사무량심) 인기글 Jogye 17 Aug 2015 7,058
>> Twelve Links of Dependent Arising (12연기) 인기글 Jogye 17 Aug 2015 7,013
26 Noble Eightfold Path (팔정도) 인기글 Jogye 17 Aug 2015 7,327
25 Four Noble Truths (사성제) 인기글 Jogye 17 Aug 2015 7,380
24 Non-Self (무아) 인기글 Jogye 17 Aug 2015 6,841
23 Suffering (고) 인기글 Jogye 17 Aug 2015 6,953
22 Impermanence (무상) 인기글 Jogye 17 Aug 2015 7,073
21 Five Aggregates (오온) 인기글 Jogye 17 Aug 2015 7,434
20 Mahayana Buddhism (대승불교) 인기글 Jogye 17 Aug 2015 8,336
19 Theravada Buddhism (상좌부불교) 인기글 Jogye 17 Aug 2015 8,300
1 2 3
컨텐츠 상단으로 이동