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The Noble Eightfold Path
The Noble Eightfold Path lists the eight practices we must perfect in order to remove afflictions and suffering and to attain nirvana.
① Right View (Samma-ditthi): To understand things as they are. Ultimately it refers to the understanding of the Four Noble Truths.
② Right Thought (Samma-sankappa): Selfless thought transcending personal desires, which can be extended to all beings. To have thoughts of love and non-violence.
③ Right Speech (Samma-vaca): In daily life, speak without doing these four things: lying, spreading rumors or slandering, fomenting problems between others, and pointless chattering.
④ Right Action (Samma-kanmmanta): To act in right and ethical ways. That is, to refrain from killing, stealing, intoxicants and sexual misconduct.
⑤ Right Livelihood (Samma-ajiva): To not make a living from jobs which may cause harm to others, but from jobs which are honorable and respectable.
⑥ Right Effort (Samma-vayama): The effort to discard harmful states that have arisen and to prevent harmful states from arising; and the effort to promote the arising of beneficial states and to preserve beneficial states that have arisen.
⑦ Right Mindfulness (Samma-sati): It means to become fully aware of oneself and one’s surroundings with right mindfulness in order to practice Right Thought and Right Concentration.
⑧ Right Concentration (Samma-samadhi): Meditative concentration which can be attained by practitioners when they extinguish desires. Right Concentration provides a foundation for the perfect practice of Right View, Right Speech and Right Livelihood.
- excerpt from Buddhist English (Elementary 2) published in 2014 by the Jogye Order of Korean Buddhism